VFSP-WAS and ICAP Ensemble Comparison
Smoke Aerosol Optical Depth – Mean and Standard Deviation
The International Cooperative for Aerosol Prediction (ICAP) is an international forum for aerosol forecast centres, remote sensing data providers and lead system developers to share best practices and discuss pressing issues facing the operational aerosol community. The ICAP Multi-Model Ensemble (MME) is constructed from the following aerosol forecast systems: ECMWF MACC, JMA MASINGAR, NASA GEOS-5, NRL NAAPS, NOAA NGAC, NMMB/BSC-CTM and UKMO Unified Model.
In the plots above, the ICAP-MME fine mode AOD (aerosol optical depth) is used as a proxy for smoke, and may include fine mode aerosol contribution from anthropogenic sources.